This page will provide you with recipes of alcoholic drinks that preparing with the help of fractional distiller, for convenience some alcohol production methods will include fractions calculation.
The following method is simple, and all the ingredients are available at any supermarket. Moreover, they are cheap. The recipe is basic because alcohol that will be producing with the help of this method is going to be a basis for a variety of alcoholic drinks.
To make 20L of mash (beer), you'll need the 25L fractional still and following ingredients:
250g of yeast - can be active dry baking yeast, brewing turbo yeast, or fresh compressed baking yeast. In case of using just baking yeast - add to your ferment (we talking about 20 L of mash) 6gramms of urea to supply the yeast with nutrition, because the sugar is empty and fermentation can stop before completing. Another method is to add to your ferment a quarter of rye loaf (remove it prior to distillation), the beer kit yeast is good but very slow in case of using beer yeast - mix them with compressed fresh baking yeast; in my case I mix 250gramms of fresh compressed baking yeast with 250gramms of turbo yeast very fast and 100% success.
Now you have got your sugar and yeast organized, and you have to have a 25-30L fermenting vessel - it could be the square plastic barrel that you can see on video about distillation, or it can be a big plastic backed or any other container that could be suitable for fermentation ( avoid aluminum).
To prepare the mash: get 5L of hot water into the fermenting vessel and add 5.5kg of sugar and stir sugar and water till it dissolves completely,
then add some more water to make approximately 19L of sugar/water mix in the fermenting vessel, the temperature of mix must be between 23 and 25 degrees Celsius,
now take your yeast and mix with 0.5kg of sugar in the separate vessel if you are using a dry yeast then add around 250ml of sugar/water mix from the fermenting vessel if you are using a fresh compressed baking yeast then mix it with dry sugar until the mix becomes liquid and consistent.
When the yeast is mixed, add the liquefied mix of yeast into fermenting vessel and stir properly.
Top up the level to make 20L of ferment
And leave till fermentation is complete - in this case, seven days is more than enough. Please make sure that the fermenting vessel is not closed tight make some vent hole in the vessel's lid. And keep the container in the temperature range of 20 to 26 degrees Celsius. Do not use an old compressed baking yeast - only fresh ones. And if you bought them - then use it the same day or day after. Make sure that you are purchasing fresh ones for your "baking" hobby, the old yeast is getting soapy and will form a lot of foam in your ferment and escape the fermenting vessel, run everywhere on the floor :-).
This is how the good fermentation is looks like:
Fermentation will take from 3 to 7 days (in most cases) when fermentation is complete (no bubbles are releasing from mash) - fill up the 25L fractional still with 20L of ready ferment and apply small raw spirit column then distill as specified in distillation manual that included with Fractional distiller construction manual,
Out of 20L of ferment, you should get 6L of 50% raw spirit that is not yet suitable for drinking. To make good alcohol at 95%+ first empty the boiler after the first distillation. Then fill the pot with 6L of stripped spirits that you get after the first distillation. Add to the boiler approximately 8L of fresh water and apply the fractional column - re-distill the stripped alcohol and fractionally separate all impurities as specified in distillation manual that included with Fractional distiller construction manual.
When fractional distillation is complete, you should get 2L of 96% spirit that after dilution with water will bring almost 5L of 40% spirits,
for dilution options see the dilution table below.
The described above basic recipe is suitable for making your alcohol with a fractional distiller. Then you can use this alcohol as a base for different alcoholic drinks - you can make it any strength you want. If you're going to make a good vodka, then dilute this alcohol down to 40% and run it once through the activated carbon filter. Fill up the bottles and put in a freezer: drink vodka cold and enjoy, if you are planning to make different flavored drinks then dilute the alcohol with water to the desired percentage and consume without filtration.
Use the table below to calculate the ratios of water and alcohol to obtain the needed strength of alcoholic drink.
Where X – spirit strength before dilution with water/ %alc/vol
V – Spirit strength after dilution with water/%alc/vol
To calculate amount of water that needed for achieving of certain percentage of spirit take the top raw as a guide and check what figure is matching the spirit percentage you have got.
In most cases you will work with 95% spirit so first measure the amount of spirit you have got in this case @ 95% then choose what percentage you want this spirit to be after dilution.
After that, find the figure crosswise on the table, and multiply the amount of spirit by this figure
The result must be divided by 100 and you will get amount of water to be added to your spirit to make planned percentage.
Example: we have got 2L of spirit @ 95% and we want to make 40% drink so we will need to find the amount of water to be added thus 2L of spirit must be multiplied by figure that cross match 40 on a vertical axis – the figure is 144.4 so 2L * 144.4 = 288.8 then divide the result by 100. 288.8÷ 100 = 2.888L of water that will be added to spirit to make 40% drink in this case you have got 2.888 + 2 = 4.888 L of 40% alc/vol drink.
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